MỘT SỐ CẤU TRÚC ĂN ĐIỂM & HAY SỬ DỤNG TRONG WRITING TASK 1
– Subject refers to figures – Verb refers to increases/ decreases
+ The number of/ The figure for/ The proportion of/ The percentage of people who … (relative clause)
+ The number of/ The figure for people + V-ing/ (reduced relative clause)
+ There was an increase/ rise/ growth….in the number of… noun + V-ing or V-ed
+ There was a decrease/ drop/ fall/ decline…in the number of…noun +V-ing or V-ed
Dịch đại ý
+ Số lượng/ Số liệu/ Tỉ lệ/ Phần trăm những người + who (mệnh đề quan hệ)
+ Số lượng/ Số liệu những người + Ving (mệnh đề quan hệ rút gọn)
+ Có một sự tăng lên trong số lượng của ….+ danh từ + Ving/ Ved
+ Có một sự giảm trong số lượng của…+ danh từ + Ving/ Ved
+ In 1999, the proportion of people using the Internet in the USA was about 20%.
+ There has been an increase in the cost of coffee.
+ The number of people going to college rose to 5 million.
+ The proportion of people shopping at Wal Mart was 5%.
+ The figure for people who like to go to Mexico in the summer increased last year.
+ There was a rise in the percentage of children born by C-section.
+ There has been a growth in the number of countries affected by drought this year.
+ There was a decrease in the number of hospitals.
– Subject refers to the chart
+ The chart/ graph/ illustration/ map/ table…shows/ illustrates/ gives information about/ provides information about/ compares…
Example: The chart shows a change in the percentage of international students among university graduates in different Canadian provinces between 2001 and 2006.
Dịch đại ý
+ Biểu đồ/ hình minh họa/ bảng…thể hiện/ minh họa/ cung cấp thông tin/ so sánh…
– Subject refers to what is shown in the chart
+ People tend to + V
+ X is the most popular ….
+ Company A reduced its waste production
+ The …(noun: consumption, spending…) is highest
+ People show their preference for…
+ People have a tendency to do sth
Dịch đại ý
+ Mọi người có xu hướng + động từ (làm gì đó)
+ X là …phổ biến nhất
+ Công ty A đã giảm lượng nước thải của công ty
+ …là cao nhất
+ Mọi người cho thấy sự yêu thích với…
+ Mọi người có xu hướng làm gì
+ In 2005, Internet usage in both the USA and Canada rose to around 70% of the population, while the figure for Mexico reached just over 25%.
+ People in Britain spent just over £170,000 on photographic film, which is the highest figure shown on the chart. By contrast, Germans were the lowest overall spenders, with roughly the same figures (just under £150,000) for each of the six products.
+ Corn was the most popular food in Texas during the 60s.
+ The consumption of chocolate in the Middle East was higher than in India.
+ During the 1950s, the consumption of alcohol was highest in the USA, followed by Russia and Germany.
+ People showed their preference for traveling to work by car, rather than by bus or train.
+ People have a tendency to shop in their neighborhood, which often benefits the local grocery stores more than it does supermarkets.
Author: Thầy Bách