MỘT SỐ CẤU TRÚC ĂN ĐIỂM & HAY SỬ DỤNG TRONG WRITING TASK 1

MỘT SỐ CẤU TRÚC ĂN ĐIỂM & HAY SỬ DỤNG TRONG WRITING TASK 1

 

– Subject refers to figures – Verb refers to increases/ decreases

+ The number of/ The figure for/ The proportion of/ The percentage of people who … (relative clause)

+ The number of/ The figure for people + V-ing/ (reduced relative clause)

+ There was an increase/ rise/ growth….in the number of… noun + V-ing or V-ed

+ There was a decrease/ drop/ fall/ decline…in the number of…noun +V-ing or V-ed

Dịch đại ý

+ Số lượng/ Số liệu/ Tỉ lệ/ Phần trăm những người + who (mệnh đề quan hệ)

+ Số lượng/ Số liệu những người + Ving (mệnh đề quan hệ rút gọn)

+ Có một sự tăng lên trong số lượng của ….+ danh từ + Ving/ Ved

+ Có một sự giảm trong số lượng của…+ danh từ + Ving/ Ved

Example:

+ In 1999, the proportion of people using the Internet in the USA was about 20%.

+ There has been an increase in the cost of coffee.

+ The number of people going to college rose to 5 million.

+ The proportion of people shopping at Wal Mart was 5%.

+ The figure for people who like to go to Mexico in the summer increased last year.

+ There was a rise in the percentage of children born by C-section.

+ There has been a growth in the number of countries affected by drought this year.

+ There was a decrease in the number of hospitals.

– Subject refers to the chart

+ The chart/ graph/ illustration/ map/ table…shows/ illustrates/ gives information about/ provides information about/ compares…

Example: The chart shows a change in the percentage of international students among university graduates in different Canadian provinces between 2001 and 2006.

Dịch đại ý

+ Biểu đồ/ hình minh họa/ bảng…thể hiện/ minh họa/ cung cấp thông tin/ so sánh…

– Subject refers to what is shown in the chart

+ People tend to + V

+ X is the most popular ….

+ Company A reduced its waste production

+ The …(noun: consumption, spending…) is highest

+ People show their preference for…

+ People have a tendency to do sth

Dịch đại ý

+ Mọi người có xu hướng + động từ (làm gì đó)

+ X là …phổ biến nhất

+ Công ty A đã giảm lượng nước thải của công ty

+ …là cao nhất

+ Mọi người cho thấy sự yêu thích với…

+ Mọi người có xu hướng làm gì

Example:

+ In 2005, Internet usage in both the USA and Canada rose to around 70% of the population, while the figure for Mexico reached just over 25%.

+ People in Britain spent just over £170,000 on photographic film, which is the highest figure shown on the chart. By contrast, Germans were the lowest overall spenders, with roughly the same figures (just under £150,000) for each of the six products.

+ Corn was the most popular food in Texas during the 60s.

+ The consumption of chocolate in the Middle East was higher than in India.

+ During the 1950s, the consumption of alcohol was highest in the USA, followed by Russia and Germany.

+ People showed their preference for traveling to work by car, rather than by bus or train.

+ People have a tendency to shop in their neighborhood, which often benefits the local grocery stores more than it does supermarkets.

 

 

Author: Thầy Bách

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